Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran
Journal of the Earth and Space Physics
2538371X
25383906
30
2
2004
06
21

FA
فر هنگ احمدى
گیوى
54345186
یونس نجیبی
فر
46217547
در این مقاله، تشکیل و رفتار چرخندهای لی واقع در کوه های آلپ در دورهء یک ساله (سال 2002میلادی)، تاثیر احتمالی آن ها در آب و هوأی خا ورمیانه و ایران در دوره های مختلف سرد، گرم ومعتدل سال مورد مطالعه قرار گرفته است. برای این کار، از نقشه های همدیدی ترازهای مختلف موجود در سازمان هواشناسی کشور در دورهء یاد شده و نیزاز داده های مرکز اروپایی پیش بینی میان مدت هوا (ecmwf) برای بررسی های همدیدی و دینامیکی استفاده شده است. با محاسبة ضخامت لایهء بین 500 1000 هکتوپاسکال و تاوایی نسبی در سطح 500 هکتوپاسکال سعی در مطالعهء کژفشاری سطوح زیرین، فرارفت تاوایی نسبی در سطوح فوقانی شده است.
نتایج نشان می دهد که رفتار چرخندهای لی در فصل های مختلف سال متفاوت است و تعداد چرخندهای وا قع در خلیج جنوا (ضعیف وقوی) در فصل سرد سال به طور قابل توجهی بیشتر از فصل گرم سال است. چرخندهای مربوط به ماه های سرد، بیشتر آب و هوای ایران را تحت تاثیر قرار می دهند و به نظر می رسد بخشی از بارش های برف سنگین، به ویژه در شمال غرب ایران، در سال مطالعه شده ناشی از چرخندهای لی این دوره بوده است. این در حالی است که چرخندهای دورهء گرم به علت حرکت در عرض های بالاتر تاثیر چندانی روی ایران ندارند. با وجود این شدت چرخندهای دورهء گرم تقریبا دو برابر چرخندهای دورهء سرد بوده الست. در دورهء معتدل نیز چرخندهایی که تحت تاثیر دریای سیاه قرار می گیرند، می توانند در آب و هوای ایران مؤثر باشند.
Baroclinicity,Lee cyclones,Middle East,Relative vorticity,The Alps,Thickness chart,Votricity advection
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10819.html
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10819_79a616d5defa1f8fef362ba71e8dbef6.pdf
Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran
Journal of the Earth and Space Physics
2538371X
25383906
30
2
2004
06
21

FA
مهدى
مرادى
94892235
مجید نبى
بیدهندى
47736694
In this article the definitions and the basic mathematics of the 3D DM0 are explained. Also the effect of Kirchhoff integral 3D DM0 method is considered on the Gorgan real 3D seismic reflection data. To achieve this goal, some seismic sections of 3D stacked data plus some velocity spectra on some points are prepared after required preprocessing of the data.
After 3D DM0 corrections, the seismic sections are prepared on the same lines, and also velocity spectra are prepared on the same points. Comparing the sections before and after DM0 correction, the effect of the 3DDM0 process will be revealed. The results have shown that the quality of the processed data has significantly improved by the 3DDMO Kirchhoff integral method, and the process cannot be eliminated from the processing sequence.
The dip angles of the layers are between 0 to 50 degrees in the Gorgan area where the data are collected. The work is implemented by using PROMAX 7.1 software on IBM590 system.
Dip move out,static correction,trace,Zero offset
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10820.html
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10820_74e0801cacaa9b1162ec505775caa5a0.pdf
Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran
Journal of the Earth and Space Physics
2538371X
25383906
30
2
2004
06
21

FA
مصطفى نقى
زاده
42717895
ناصر حسین زاده
گویا
33396462
We have used magnetotelluric equipment to investigate the possibility of an existing geothermal reservoir in an area close to the city of Khoy located in the northwest of Iran. Data of 60 stations were collected in this area of about 30 square kilometers. To perform the data processing procedure, we used a computer program called PROCMT, and for in interpretation of available data a computer program called GEOTOOLS was used.
We recognized an east west trend for the observed anomalies in this area. In two dimensional modeling of north south profiles using rapid relaxation inversion (RRI) on TE and TM, low resistivity anomalies were found at a depth of 500 to 2000 meters.
Geothermal,inversion,Khoy,magnetotelluric
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10821.html
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10821_77aa055a98721605adbb37053476e47c.pdf
Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran
Journal of the Earth and Space Physics
2538371X
25383906
30
2
2004
06
21

FA
غلامرضا
رستگارموحد
46327632
عبدالرحیم
جواهریان
86664512
احمد
سدیدخوى
45553784
Lg phase is a regional phase and short period guided wave composed mainly of a sequence of multiple reflected post critical Swaves trapped in the crustal wave guide. Lg phase also can be described as superposition of a higher mode of Love and Rayleigh waves. The mechanisms proposed to explain the excitation of Lg phase by explosions are: shear waves generated by inhomogeneity near the source, scattering effects that transfer Pwave or surface wave (Rg) energy into Lg, Swave energy generated by spall which is an efficient source of Lg, nongeometrical S phase and Pwave converted Swave trapped in the crustal wave guide. Lg phase is one of the main phases produced by an underground nuclear explosion even with low yield. This phase has a sharp beginning with high amplitude in the short period seismograms in regional distances. The group velocity of Lg phase is about 3.5 kmls. Lg phase is a proper phase for yield estimation of underground nuclear explosions because of having a symmetric and radial pattern, lack of high attenuation and less scattering of mb(Lg) compared with the magnitude derived from other phases.
In this paper, 16 underground nuclear explosions at Semipalaninsk Test Site (STS, in east Kazakhstan) recorded by SRO, Mashhad, have been investigated. The yields of these explosions were announced by Stevens and Murphy (2001). Maximum peak to peak amplitude for periods of 1 to 1.5 seconds was read in the group velocity window of 3.2 to 3.6 km/s as the amplitude of Lg phase. Then mb(Lg) was determined by using the formula presented by Nuttli (1986a). The relationship between computed mb(Lg) and announced yield (Y in kt TNT) of 16 explosions of STS was derived as mb(Lg) = 0.564 log(Y) + 4.863. This relationship is recommended for yield estimation of STS nuclear explosions from SRO, Mashhad.
group,Magnitude of Lg phase,Nuclear explosions,SROمشهد,Yield Estimation
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10822.html
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10822_587d5d6f1fc082c671d99525ac019ccf.pdf
Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran
Journal of the Earth and Space Physics
2538371X
25383906
30
2
2004
06
21

FA
مجید نبى
بیدهندى
47736694
شادى
قوامى
21794312
مهدى
مرادى
94892235
Migration is a process that reconstructs an image of the earth’s reflecting structure from elastic wavefield energy recorded at the surface in seismic traces. In seismic imaging, conventional processing is concentrates on producing a stacked section from common mid point gathers and is followed by a poststack migration, while in a prestack migration, first the events are migrated one by one, then those are stacked and the energy the common reflection point gathers goes to the surface of the earth.
In this paper the effects of both postand prestack time migration methods are compared by use of the Kirchhoff summation method on a seismic line in the central Iran area. The method of data collection is offend and the foldage is 48. The source of energy in acquisition is dynamite.
The work is implemented by using PROMAX 6.0 software on ULTRA SUN system.The results are as follows:
Continuity of reflectors will be improved after prestack migration. Velocity analysis after prestack migration is improved and provides a better harmony of the velocities. Because of the increasing of the reflector’s amplitudes continuity, some geology structures appeared after prestack migration.
Dipped reflectors,Offset,Poststack migration,Prestack migration,Stack,Velocity of migration
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10823.html
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10823_194f07777d6f2299b053f215448a13c8.pdf
Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran
Journal of the Earth and Space Physics
2538371X
25383906
30
2
2004
06
21

FA
مجید
آزادی
azadi68@hotmail.com
فاطمه داورى عدالت
پناه
82384131
پرویز
رضازاده
85768495
ابراهیم
میرزایى
13927448
غلامعلى
وکیلى
82977656
An attempt is made to implement the objective analysis of Cressmann for some fields including sea level pressure, temperature and geopotential height at standard levels in an operational framework. The work presented here is a part of a complete automatic system for decoding, quality control and analysis of meteorological maps. The results are compared with the subjectively analyzed maps and are in good agreement. It is shown that the output of a numerical weather prediction model with 2.5 and 5’ horizontal resolution as the background field and 1200 km and 2500 km as the radius of influence for the surface and upper air analysis respectively give the best results.
Background field,initialization,Objective analysis,Subjective analysis
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10824.html
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10824_9b03bad470930b1067d078b426bd2b28.pdf
Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran
Journal of the Earth and Space Physics
2538371X
25383906
30
2
2004
06
21

FA
محمدعلى
ریاحى
57789376
فرهاد
بازرگانى
17591677
PSPC or split step Fourier migration is a method based on downward continuation of seismic wave field in frequency space and frequencywave number domains. Compared with the phase shift method, this method is a superior algorithm with the ability to handle lateral variations in the velocity field. Therefore, the method is a depth migration, which works in the post stack domain.
In this study, the ability, precision and validity of PSPC migration in the processing of real data sets with strong lateral velocity variations is verified.
In order to achieve this objective, the velocity section used by migration algorithms has been improved in different steps by the iterative method of residual moveout analysis through applying pre stack Kirchhoff time migration.
The improved velocity section was then used to apply pre stack Kirchhoff depth migration to original CMP gathers and PSPC migration to the stack section and the results were compared.
Depth migration,Lateral velocity change,Phase shift,Poststack,Prestack
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10825.html
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10825_41e934370b6619ac7eefac3848528678.pdf
Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran
Journal of the Earth and Space Physics
2538371X
25383906
30
2
2004
06
21

FA
عباسعلى على اکبرى
بیدختى
75775738
ندا
بیوک
46557332
محمد على
ثقفى
94897744
The structures of thunderstorm outflows are studied using surface and sodar data at the Geophysics Station. Distinctive
features associated with gust fronts are: a sudden drop in temperature (. 38 °C), a sudden increase in wind speed (10 20 m/s), wind shift, a pressure rise ( 23 mb), a humidity increment and rain.
In this study, characteristics of 10 outflow samples are determined using sodar and surface meteorology data. Horizontal winds, maximum wind speed, propagation speed of gust fronts are computed using surface data. The charts of horizontal velocity, vertical velocity, direction and turbulence flow of wind (uv, uw, vw) are considered when the sodar was recording data. Vertical structure of horizontal wind is layered before the arrival of gust front on surface. In horizontal wind profiles, there are two maxima. When the horizontal component of wind is maximum, its vertical component wind becomes minimum, which is predictable through considering of vertical structure of gust front by continuity.
Time variations of vertical component of wind speed show that KelvinHelmhotz instability is developed along the top of the gust front head near the surface. Estimated dimension of KelvinHelmholtz billows is about 1020 km which appears to be larger than the ones observed by others. This may be due to the fact that these gust fronts occur over a sloping boundary.
Contours of vertical and horizontal components of flow velocity and its horizontal direction of gust fronts show that these gust fronts have similar shapes but vary in sizes. This analysis also shows that the outflow has a complex and multi frontal structure. Further observational work is required for more detailed analysis of the gust front in vertical and horizontal extends.
Gust fronts,KelvinHelmholtz billows,Thunderstorm,Vertical structure
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10826.html
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10826_e05d97b3ba1b14e1b9c22b6792e6e63b.pdf
Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran
Journal of the Earth and Space Physics
2538371X
25383906
30
2
2004
06
21

FA
وحید ابراهیم زاده
اردستانى
43924176
The normalized full gradient (NFG) method defined by Berezkin (1967, 1973 and 1998) is already used for detecting reservoirs. We apply the method for delineating nearsurface gravity anomalies. 2D rectangular prisms with different coordinates are used as the synthetic models to be detected by the method. The NFG is also applied to real microgravity data to determine the place and depth of a subterranean water tunnel (ghanat).
Gravity data,NFG,NFG مدل های مصنوعی,Numerical results,Synthetic models
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10827.html
https://jesphys.ut.ac.ir/article_10827_304363c6a1fe4299f4372ec1ff08284c.pdf