Application of Siemens Index of Green Cities for Selected Areas in Iraq

Document Type : Research Article


1 Ph.D. Graduated, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, College of Science, Al-Mustansiriya University, Baghdad, Iraq

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Renewable Energy, College of Energy and Environmental Sciences, Al-Karkh University of Science, Baghdad, Iraq

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Energy Engineering, School of Natural Resources Engineering and Management, German Jordanian University, Amman, Jordan


Irregular urban design and use of traditional resources to provide energy have a major impact on people's lives and climate in the future. The goal of this paper is to determine the best place to design a sustainable city, based on the Siemens Index for Green Cities and Comfort Factor. Four sites were selected in Iraq based on the geographical location and weather variables for each site, namely Um Qasr, Baghdad, Anah and Sulaymaniyah. Weights and percentages were distributed on the categories of the Siemens index, which are renewable energy, water and air quality, in addition to the comfort factor, and then analyzed and evaluated at each site. With regard to the renewable energy category represented by solar and wind energy, the best evaluation of the energy category was found at Um Qasr by 60.88%. As for the evaluation of the water resources category, it was found that the Anah site possesses the highest percentage of available water quantities in the study sites by 85%. As for the air quality category represented by the percentage of pollutants for each site, which are CO2, SO2, NO2, and Particulate Matter in the air, it was found that Sulaymaniyah site has the lowest percentage of pollutants in the study sites by 24.86%. Finally, the comfort factor category represented by the Temperature Humidity Index and Wind Chill Factor shows Sulaymaniyah's location with the highest percentage of the comfort factor value at 94%. After distributing the weights and percentages and collecting them for each site, the results showed that it was the best site for designing a sustainable city in Iraq, by 72% due to the abundance of water and renewable energy sources, in addition to high air quality.


Main Subjects

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