Document Type : Research
Assistant Processor, Department of Physics and Engineering Sciences, Buein Zahra Higher Education Centre of Engineering and Technology, Imam Khomeini International University, Buein Zahra, Iran
Decreased precipitation and water scarcity are some of the important challenges in most parts of Iran in recent years and need a cost-effective solution based on high technical knowledge and equipment; To improve the meteorological conditions with modern technologies, one can use the high voltage injection air ionization equipment. The result efficiently can increase cloud-water vapor concentration nuclei due to generate duplex clouds. Recent theoretical and experimental work suggests that a charged atmosphere will have a lower nucleation barrier and will also help stabilize embryonic particles. This allows nucleation to occur at lower vapor concentrations and demonstrates that charged particle and molecular clusters, condensing around natural air ions can grow significantly faster than corresponding neutral clusters. The theoretical dynamic locating of the injection model also indicates that the nucleation rate of particles in the non-charged regions (without injection) is limited by the ion production rate from other sources such as cosmic rays. Thus, stable charged particle concentration by injection resulting from condensation and growth can survive long after ion injection and ionization. Theoretical study of dynamic locating of injection model establishes a relationship between the dynamic locating electromagnetic region of changing point ionization and precipitation microphysics. Mechanism troposphere ionization and the Earth electromagnetic field properties cannot be excluded and there are established electrical effects on precipitation microphysics. Building on the relationship between changing points and ion injection the observations are extended to the realm of electromagnetic field microphysics by exploring this model.
The injection produces positive /negative ions and free electrons. Many of these ions will be quickly lost to ion-ion recombination. Some of the ions escape recombination or reduced ion concentrations because the ionization produced by the electric field often is decreased because of the dust storm or wind that are generated in fixed changing points. As we presented in this article dynamic locating of injection in the troposphere is very important to provide additive effects increasing cloud concentrations and generating precipitation, which is the main achievement of this analytical-simulation work. In this analytical-simulation study, which is based on real and experimental data taken from the western and southwestern regions of Iran, we first review the background of the results obtained from the injection process and the effect of generating clouds in the troposphere.
Then we obtain the results of the same data with the theoretical effect of dynamic locating and simulation with injection at the electromagnetic changing points. The results of the previous data assuming maximization of utility have been recalculated and compared. The injection results are optimized by a dynamic locating technique that affects utility indices of maximum electromagnetic changing field between troposphere-ground the earth thickness. Due to the increased generation of rainy clouds and maximization of their concentrations and increased local precipitation by the dynamic locating method at the injection site and the optimal operation of the equipment is investigated. The theoretical model that is presented shows that the theoretical dynamic locating of injection model by increasing in ionizing effect leads to a 15-20% decrease in precipitation, decrease 11% temperature, increase 10% humidity.